New Kitten Advice
Click on each link below for further advice:
- • Vaccinations in kittens
- • Worming your pet
- • Neutering - male and female
- • Fleas
- • Identichip - Inject against getting lost!
- • Dental hygiene
All kittens should be vaccinated from 8 weeks then again 3/4 weeks later and an annual booster. They are vaccinated against:
FELINE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASE
Can be very serious especially in kittens and elderly cats. It remains depressingly common in the UK.
It is spread between cats by direct contact or through sneezing.
Symptoms include a runny nose, eyes and extreme lethargy.
A viral disease, transmitted when cats fight each other or even during grooming.
The disease can take months to develop after infection but then it then begins to suppress the cat’s immune system, causing secondary infections, tumours and death.
FELINE ENTERITIS (Panleucopenia)
An often fatal disease; vaccination has been extremely successful in controlling it. Vaccinations start at 9 weeks of age and a second vaccine is given at 12 weeks.
If you have any questions call us on 01454 322449
Worms are very common in pets. They cause problems in cats and dogs, sometimes making them very ill. Some can also be picked up by people leading to serious illness (this can include blindness in children). It is easy to reduce your pet's worm burden by using good quality products regularly. Roundworms are very common in kittens, sometimes causing illness in the pet.
They can also be transmitted to people in some cases, and may lead to serious illnesses. Kittens can get worms when suckling their mother’s milk therefore it is best to start worming at 2 weeks old, and again at 5 weeks old. If you are getting a kitten at eight or nine weeks old, it is advisable to worm them as soon as possible after bringing them home, again two weeks later, and a third time two weeks after that.
Each time should be a three day course of liquid once daily into the mouth. We use a product called Panacur, as it is a broad spectrum wormer that not only works on the adult worms, but the larvae too.
From around the age of 5 to 8 months, kittens reach sexual maturity and are therefore capable of breeding and producing kittens themselves! Most people do not have the time or desire to breed from their cat and do not wish to add to the number of unwanted cats and kittens already looking for homes.
Very often, cats are neutered too late in life, when they have already produced a litter of kittens. This is why we recommend early neutering, as it is the ONLY EFFECTIVE WAY TO REDUCE THE NUMBER OF UNWANTED CATS in the UK. It is no longer the case that you have to wait for a cat to be six months old before it is neutered. The ideal age for a cat to be neutered is 4 months of age, this helps to reduce the number of unwanted litters. Please see http://www.cats.org.uk/what-we-do/neutering/enr/ for more details on early neutering.
Neutering a cat - castration in the male (removal of the testes), and spaying the female (removal of the ovaries and uterus) - not only prevents unwanted pregnancies occurring, but also curbs unwanted behavioural patterns associated with sexual maturity and reduces the risk of certain diseases.
Male cats often display aggressive behaviour which puts an un-castrated male at much higher risk of serious infectious disease such as feline immunodeficiency virus (feline 'AIDS') and feline leukaemia virus, both of which are transmitted through cat bites. They also have a tendency to wander and therefore are more at risk of getting lost, fight or being involved in a road accident.
Entire tomcats also produce very smelly urine and may mark their territory (including your house) with it. In the past it has been suggested that all female cats should be allowed to have one litter of kittens. However, this is totally unnecessary and of no benefits whatsoever to the cat. It is therefore preferable to have a female spayed before she reaches sexual maturity. Once sexual maturity is reached, the cat will begin to come into season or 'call'.
Cycles of sexual activity typically occur every three weeks, and when a cat is 'calling', as its name implies, this can be a very noisy affair! Female cats can produce several litters of kittens each year. Although certain drugs can be used to suppress the sexual cycle, these carry quite a risk of significant side effects in cats and are not recommended for long-term use. If you are not going to breed from your female kitten, having her spayed will eliminate the sexual behaviour, the possibility of unplanned pregnancies and the risk of diseases associated with the genital tract later in life.
The spaying operation involves the administration of a general anesthetic and the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus through an incision made on the flank or belly of the cat. The fur at the site of the incision will have to be shaved before surgery and your vet will ask you to withhold food from the 10 o’clock the evening prior to the anaesthetic.
Usually your kitten will be able to return home the same day. We will perform a post operative check-up after two days, and the skin sutures are generally removed after 10 days.
Castration involves removing both testes under general anaesthetic through small incisions into the scrotum. As with the spay operation, withholding food from 10 o’clock the previous evening will be required to minimise potential anaesthetic complications, and the kitten can usually go home the same day. Usually the skin incisions for a castration are so small that sutures are not required.
Fleas are one of the most common parasites caught by pet cats and dogs. It's thought that every cat and dog will suffer an infestation at least once in their life.
Fleas are not just an inconvenience, their saliva is considered to be one of the most allergenic substances on earth, and is the cause of a nasty skin disease in pets called Flea Allergic Dermatitis (FAD). Also, when they bite, fleas ingest blood, if the infestation is severe enough, it can cause anaemia or even kill a small puppy.
We use Privonox against fleas and worms.
It is 25% cheaper as 4 pipettes and and also helps treat ear mites.
Identichip - 'Inject' against getting lost
What a great idea! One single injection to give you and your loved pet the best chance of being reunited, if he or she gets lost! Expect the unexpected to happen - an open door, your pet taking fright, an 'adventurous' dog walk, or an unfortunate accident. We frequently see cats or dogs brought to the surgery, injured with no collar and no chip.
This can lead to difficulties in treating difficult cases. Help us to help you and your pet. A microchip is the size of a grain of rice, and is injected under the skin. This stores a 'barcode', which allows us to trace and contact you (in minutes with on-line access), or identifies your pet for many reasons. Don't delay - just do it!
We understand that brushing your cats teeth can be a difficult task, and stock a specific pet toothpaste called Logic.
Logic differs from human toothpaste; not only in the flavour, but also that it contains a multi enzyme complex that works to help prevent the formation of new plaque. The gel also contains a mild abrasive, and the gel itself boosts the action of saliva
It is used once daily, and can be placed onto the teeth, or alternately, onto the paw for the cat to lick off.
Although some dry foods, chews and toys can help with dental hygiene, regular use of a toothbrush and logic toothpaste is a sure fast way to healthier teeth, and a healthier pet.
Mon-Fri: 9-10am and 5.30-7.00pm
Sat: 9am-5pm (by appointment only)
Surgery Opening Hours:
(We are the only local surgery open on Saturdays for prescriptions, advice and appointments)