New Puppy Advice
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Click on each link below for further advice:
- • Vaccinations
- • Neutering
- • Behaviour
- • Health
- • Fleas
- • Identichip - Inject against getting lost!
- • Dental hygiene
At your puppies primary vaccination they will be given a full thorough FREE health check. The vaccination course for a puppy will now consist of THREE vaccinations at two weekly intervals.
All puppies should be vaccinated from 6 weeks and then again at 10 weeks plus the annual booster. We also recommend the Kennel Cough injection.
Once they have received their first vaccination they are welcome to come along to our Puppy Party held on a Tuesday evening at the surgery, to socialise with other puppies giving you the opportunity to ask our nurses any questions you may have.
Neutering is the general term used for the surgical removal of the reproductive organs in both male and female dogs. We advise neutering both males and females from 5 months old, but it could be preformed earlier on veterinary advice. Neutering is beneficial for a variety of reasons, behavioural, medical and financial.
- • May encourage calmer, more predictable behaviour making the dog a more suitable family pet.
- • May help reduce aggressive and unwanted sexual behaviour, preventing fighting, mounting and destructives. Dogs that are neutered are also less likely to mark territory or stray.
- • Reduces the likelihood of strange behaviour in bitches coming into season (for about three weeks, twice a year).
- • Prevents male dogs desperately attempting to escape and seek out a local bitch in season.
- • Removes the significant health risks associated with pregnancy as well as the possibility of potentially fatal womb infections (pyometra).
- • Avoids the mess and inconvenience of seasons.
- • Reduces or removes the risks of some cancers in both male and female dogs (including testicular and mammary cancers).
- • Prevents the unnecessary costs of unplanned pregnancies and raising puppies.
- • Reduces likelihood of large vets’ bills associated with certain illness and accidents caused by unruly behaviour.
In the past it has been suggested that all female dogs should be allowed to have one litter of puppies. However, this is totally unnecessary and of no benefits whatsoever to the dog. It is therefore preferable to have a female spayed before she reaches sexual maturity. Once sexual maturity is reached, the dog will begin to come into season.
Most dogs come into heat twice yearly. Although certain drugs can be used to suppress the sexual cycle, these carry quite a risk of significant side effects in dogs and are not recommended for long-term use. If you are not going to breed from your female puppy, having her spayed will eliminate the sexual behavior, the possibility of unplanned pregnancies and the risk of diseases associated with the genital tract later in life. We advise they are neutered at 5 months old (before their first season) as it greatly reduces the risk of mammary cancers.
The spaying operation involves the administration of a general anaesthetic and the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus through an incision made on the belly of the dog. The fur at the site of the incision will have to be shaved before surgery and your vet will ask you to withhold food from the 10 o’clock the evening prior to the anaesthetic. Usually your dog will be able to return home the same day. We will perform a post operative check-up after two days, and the skin sutures are generally removed after 10 days.
Castration involves removing both testes under general anaesthetic through a small incision. As with the spay operation, withholding food from 10 o’clock the previous evening will be required to minimise potential anaesthetic complications, and your dog can usually go home the same day. We will perform a post operative check-up after two days, and the skin sutures will be removed after 10 days.
With both the male and female neutering, it is vitally important to avoid all jumping, running up stairs and excessive running around, and to try to keep your dog as quiet as possible. You must lead walk until the stitches have been removed.
Fleas are one of the most common parasites caught by pet cats and dogs. It's thought that every cat and dog will suffer an infestation at least once in their life.
Fleas are not just an inconvenience, their saliva is considered to be one of the most allergenic substances on earth, and is the cause of a nasty skin disease in pets called Flea Allergic Dermatitis (FAD). Also, when they bite, fleas ingest blood, if the infestation is severe enough, it can cause anaemia or even kill a small puppy.
We use Privonox - it is 25% cheaper as 4 pipettes and and also treats lung worms.
We advice the use of Indorex as a spray in the home as 85% of fleas will be in your carpets and flooring.
Identichip - 'Inject' against getting lost
What a great idea! One single injection to give you and your loved pet the best chance of being reunited, if he or she gets lost! Expect the unexpected to happen - an open door, your pet taking fright, an 'adventurous' dog walk, or an unfortunate accident. We frequently see cats or dogs brought to the surgery, injured with no collar and no chip.
This can lead to difficulties in treating difficult cases. Help us to help you and your pet. A microchip is the size of a grain of rice, and is injected under the skin. This stores a 'barcode', which allows us to trace and contact you (in minutes with on-line access), or identifies your pet for many reasons.
*It is now a legal requirement in England from April 2016 that all dogs and puppies should be microchipped from the age of 8 weeks. Don't delay - just do it!*
It’s never too early to start familiarising your pet with a dental routine. With praise and a few tasty rewards, a quick little dental scrubbing can even become a bonding experience.
1. Start by rubbing your pet’s teeth with a soft gauze pad. Wrap the gauze around your finger to secure it as you rub. This will familiarise your pet with the brushing process.
2. Work your way up to a pet toothbrush. Specially designed cat and dog toothbrushes, as well as toothpastes, are available. Don’t use toothpaste designed for humans - dogs dislike the foam.
3. Focus on the gumline. The line where the teeth meet the gums is the most critical area to scrub.
4. Spend 30 seconds brushing each side of the mouth a few times per week.
We understand that brushing your puppy’s teeth can be a difficult task, and stock a specific pet toothpaste called Logic. Logic differs from human toothpaste; not only in the flavor, but also that it contains a multi enzyme complex that works to help prevent the formation of new plaque. The gel also contains a mild abrasive, and the gel itself boosts the action of saliva It is used once daily, and can be placed onto the teeth, or alternately, onto the paw for the dog to lick off.
Although some dry foods, chews and toys can help with dental hygiene, regular use of a toothbrush and logic toothpaste is a sure fast way to healthier teeth, and a healthier pet.
Mon-Fri: 9-10am and 5.30-7.00pm and appointments at any other time that is suitable
Sat: See vet by appointments
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